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Computational Linguistics

Paola Merlo, Editor
June 2016, Vol. 42, No. 2, Pages 207-243
(doi: 10.1162/COLI_a_00246)
© 2016 Association for Computational Linguistics
Synchronous Context-Free Grammars and Optimal Parsing Strategies
Article PDF (809.59 KB)

The complexity of parsing with synchronous context-free grammars is polynomial in the sentence length for a fixed grammar, but the degree of the polynomial depends on the grammar. Specifically, the degree depends on the length of rules, the permutations represented by the rules, and the parsing strategy adopted to decompose the recognition of a rule into smaller steps. We address the problem of finding the best parsing strategy for a rule, in terms of space and time complexity. We show that it is NP-hard to find the binary strategy with the lowest space complexity. We also show that any algorithm for finding the strategy with the lowest time complexity would imply improved approximation algorithms for finding the treewidth of general graphs.