Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
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Artificial Life


Artificial Life is the official journal of the International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL). Each issue features international research that spans the hierarchy of biological organization, including studies of the origin of life, self-assembly, growth and development, evolutionary and ecological dynamics, animal and robot behavior, social organization, and cultural evolution.

Table of Contents

Vol. 9, Issue 2 - Spring 2003


A Taxonomy for Artificial Embryogeny
pp. 93-130
Abstract | PDF (510.14 KB)
Evolving Small Neurocontrollers with Self-Organized Compact Encoding
pp. 131-151
Abstract | PDF (422.12 KB)
Several Necessary Conditions for the Evolution of Complex Forms of Life in an Artificial Environment
pp. 153-174
Abstract | PDF (208.56 KB)
Intelligent Meaning Creation in a Clumpy World Helps Communication
pp. 175-190
Abstract | PDF (252.23 KB)
Evolutionary Plantographics
pp. 191-205
Abstract | PDF (2.71 MB)
Collective Intelligence of the Artificial Life Community on Its Own Successes, Failures, and Future
pp. 207-235
Abstract | PDF (5.69 MB)