Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
2014 Impact factor:

Artificial Life


Artificial Life is the official journal of the International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL). Each issue features international research that spans the hierarchy of biological organization, including studies of the origin of life, self-assembly, growth and development, evolutionary and ecological dynamics, animal and robot behavior, social organization, and cultural evolution.

Table of Contents

Vol. 8, Issue 2 - Spring 2002


Ant Colony Optimization and Stochastic Gradient Descent
pp. 103-121
Abstract | PDF (144.89 KB)
The Simulated Emergence of Distributed Environmental Control in Evolving Microcosms
pp. 123-153
Abstract | PDF (500.43 KB)
Self-Reproduction in Three-Dimensional Reversible Cellular Space
pp. 155-174
Abstract | PDF (1.13 MB)
An Interactive Self-Replicator Implemented in Hardware
pp. 175-183
Abstract | PDF (855.98 KB)
Natural Language From Artificial Life
pp. 185-215
Abstract | PDF (434.22 KB)
The Laws of the Web: Patterns in the Ecology of Information
pp. 217-218
Abstract | PDF (28.58 KB)
Cycles of Contingency: Developmental Systems and Evolution
pp. 219-222
Abstract | PDF (37.89 KB)