Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
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Artificial Life


Artificial Life is the official journal of the International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL). Each issue features international research that spans the hierarchy of biological organization, including studies of the origin of life, self-assembly, growth and development, evolutionary and ecological dynamics, animal and robot behavior, social organization, and cultural evolution.

Table of Contents

Vol. 5, Issue 4 - Fall 1999


The Simulated Evolution of Biochemical Guilds: Reconciling Gaia Theory and Natural Selection
pp. 291-318
Abstract | PDF (541.08 KB)
An Emergence of Coordinated Communication in Populations of Agents
pp. 319-342
Abstract | PDF (631.5 KB)
A New Structurally Dissolvable Self-Reproducing Loop Evolving in a Simple Cellular Automata Space
pp. 343-365
Abstract | PDF (5.27 MB)
An Approach to Biological Computation: Unicellular Core-Memory Creatures Evolved Using Genetic Algorithms
pp. 367-386
Abstract | PDF (8.63 MB)