Quarterly (winter, spring, summer, fall)
128 pp. per issue
7 x 10, illustrated
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Artificial Life


Artificial Life is the official journal of the International Society for Artificial Life (ISAL). Each issue features international research that spans the hierarchy of biological organization, including studies of the origin of life, self-assembly, growth and development, evolutionary and ecological dynamics, animal and robot behavior, social organization, and cultural evolution.

Table of Contents

Vol. 5, Issue 3 - Summer 1999


Evolving Learnable Neural Networks Under Changing Environments with Various Rates of Inheritance of Acquired Characters: Comparison of Darwinian and Lamarckian Evolution
pp. 203-223
Abstract | PDF (3.45 MB)
Design, Observation, Surprise! A Test of Emergence
pp. 225-239
Abstract | PDF (138.14 KB)
On the Baldwin Effect
pp. 241-246
Abstract | PDF (144.08 KB)
Evolution and Development of a Central Pattern Generator for the Swimming of a Lamprey
pp. 247-269
Abstract | PDF (607.14 KB)
“Niche Selection” and the Evolution of Complex Behavior in a Changing Environment—A Simulation
pp. 271-289
Abstract | PDF (860.23 KB)