Monthly
288 pp. per issue
6 x 9, illustrated
ISSN
0899-7667
E-ISSN
1530-888X
2014 Impact factor:
2.21

Neural Computation

July 2007, Vol. 19, No. 7, Pages 1739-1765
(doi: 10.1162/neco.2007.19.7.1739)
© 2007 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Input-Driven Oscillations in Networks with Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurons with Dynamic Synapses
Article PDF (1.87 MB)
Abstract

Previous work has shown that networks of neurons with two coupled layers of excitatory and inhibitory neurons can reveal oscillatory activity. For example, Börgers and Kopell (2003) have shown that oscillations occur when the excitatory neurons receive a sufficiently large input. A constant drive to the excitatory neurons is sufficient for oscillatory activity. Other studies (Doiron, Chacron, Maler, Longtin, & Bastian, 2003; Doiron, Lindner, Longtin, Maler, & Bastian, 2004) have shown that networks of neurons with two coupled layers of excitatory and inhibitory neurons reveal oscillatory activity only if the excitatory neurons receive correlated input, regardless of the amount of excitatory input. In this study, we show that these apparently contradictory results can be explained by the behavior of a single model operating in different regimes of parameter space. Moreover, we show that adding dynamic synapses in the inhibitory feedback loop provides a robust network behavior over a broad range of stimulus intensities, contrary to that of previous models. A remarkable property of the introduction of dynamic synapses is that the activity of the network reveals synchronized oscillatory components in the case of correlated input, but also reflects the temporal behavior of the input signal to the excitatory neurons. This allows the network to encode both the temporal characteristics of the input and the presence of spatial correlations in the input simultaneously.