Current concepts in neurobiology of vision assume that local object features are represented by distributed neuronal populations in the brain. Such representations can lead to ambiguities if several distinct objects are simultaneously present in the visual field. Temporal characteristics of the neuronal activity have been proposed as a possible solution to this problem and have been found in various cortical areas.
In this paper we introduce a delayed nonlinear oscillator to investigate temporal coding in neuronal networks. We show synchronization within two-dimensional layers consisting of oscillatory elements coupled by excitatory delay connections. The observed correlation length is large compared to coupling length. Following the experimental situation, we then demonstrate the response of such layers to two short stimulus bars of varying gap distance. Coherency of stimuli is reflected by the temporal correlation of the responses, which closely resembles the experimental observations.