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Linguistic Inquiry

Fall 2012, Vol. 43, No. 4, Pages 614-633
(doi: 10.1162/ling_a_00108)
© 2012 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Quantificational Binding Does Not Require C-Command
Article PDF (96.97 KB)
Abstract

Some version of the following claim is almost universally assumed: a quantifier must c-command any pronoun that it binds. Yet as I show, the evidence motivating this claim is not particularly strong. In addition, I gather here a wide variety of systematic counterexamples, some well-known, others new. I conclude that c-command is not relevant for quantificational binding in English (nor is any refinement or extension of c-command).