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Linguistic Inquiry

Fall 2017, Vol. 48, No. 4, Pages 585-626
(doi: 10.1162/LING_a_00255)
© 2017 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Patterns of Movement Reflexes as the Result of the Order of Merge and Agree
Article PDF (811.02 KB)

In this article, I analyze patterns of reflexes of Ā-movement found within and across languages: reflexes may occur in all or none of the clauses of the dependency, in the clause where the dependency terminates, or solely in clauses where it does not terminate. I argue that the variation can best be captured by the variable timing of Agree and two subtypes of internal Merge (final vs. intermediate movement steps) triggered by a single head: early movement feeds Agree and gives rise to a reflex; late movement has the opposite effect. Since the subtypes of movement can apply at different points relative to Agree, reflexes may occur only in some clauses of the dependency.