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Linguistic Inquiry

Spring 2014, Vol. 45, No. 2, Pages 323-331
(doi: 10.1162/LING_a_00157)
@ 2014 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
On the CP Analysis of Persian Finite Control Constructions
Article PDF (531.7 KB)
Abstract

Darzi (2008), with a critical look at Ghomeshi’s (2001) arguments for the vP analysis of Persian subject control constructions, suggests that these constructions involve an embedded CP projection headed by the complementizer ke ‘that’. This can be represented as in (1).

(1) [TP subjecti [VP control verb [CP (ke) [TP PROi [VPsubjunctive . . . ]]]]]

After a short summary of Cinque’s (1999, 2004) hierarchy of adverbial specifiers and clausal functional heads, which is the diagnostic tool here, the present squib takes up the following three objectives:

  • Objective 1: To provide evidence from temporal adverbs to show that the complement to control predicates in Persian is a constituent larger than vP—namely, a TP.

  • Objective 2: To question the CP analysis of Persian control constructions on the basis of evidence from the distribution of speaker-oriented adverbs.

  • Objective 3: To show that the complement to Persian control predicates is a defective CP that lacks value(s) on mood and modal projections.