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Linguistic Inquiry

Spring 2014, Vol. 45, No. 2, Pages 227-267
(doi: 10.1162/LING_a_00154)
@ 2014 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Eliminating Rightward Movement: Extraposition as Flexible Linearization of Adjuncts
Article PDF (1.17 MB)

We propose an account of adjunct extraposition that does not invoke rightward movement. Instead, the noncanonical placement of adjuncts at the right edge of a sentence arises from the very same mechanisms that allow adjuncts to behave flexibly with respect to basic constituency tests and to avoid reconstruction. The system we propose naturally explains the locality restrictions on extraposition and certain interactions between extraposition and movement, and dovetails with an analysis of how adjuncts semantically compose with their hosts.