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Linguistic Inquiry

Summer 1998, Vol. 29, No. 3, Pages 497-511
(doi: 10.1162/002438998553833)
© 1998 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Laryngeal Specifications of Fricatives
Article PDF (1.31 MB)
Abstract

Phonologists have traditionally assumed that the unmarked laryngeal state of fricatives is to be unaspirated ([−spread glottis]). However, the data analyzed here, which are drawn from Armenian, Greek, Pali, Sanskrit, Spanish, and Thai, suggest that in their unmarked state voiceless fricatives are in fact [+spread glottis], whereas voiced fricatives are [−spread glottis].