ISBN: 9780262112789 | 648 pp. | September 2003

Table of Contents
I. Voice
  1. Acoustic Assessment of Voice
Eugene H. Buder
  2. Aerodynamic Assessment of Vocal Function
Robert E. Hillman
  3. Alaryngeal Voice and Speech Rehabilitation
Philip C. Doyle and Tanya L. Eadie
  4. Anatomy of the Human Larynx
Joel C. Kahane
  5. Assessment of Functional Impact of Voice Disorders
Thomas Murry and Clark A. Rosen
  6. Electroglottographic Assessment of Voice
Robert F. Orlikoff
  7. Functional Voice Disorders
Nelson Roy
  8. Hypokinetic Laryngeal Movement Disorders
Lorraine Olson Ramig and Mitchell F. Brin and Miodrag Velickovic and Cynthia Fox
  9. Infectious Diseases and Inflammatory Conditions of the Larynx
David P. Lau and Murray D. Morrison
  10. Instrumental Assessment of Children's Voice
Ray D. Kent and Nathan V. Welham
  11. Laryngeal Movement Disorders: Treatment with Botulinum Toxin
Christy L. Ludlow
  12. Laryngeal Reinnervation Procedures
Joel H. Blumin and Gerald S. Berke
  13. Laryngeal Trauma and Peripheral Structural Ablations
Philip C. Doyle
  14. Psychogenic Voice Disorders: Direct Therapy
Nelson Roy
  15. The Singing Voice
Johan Sundberg
  16. Vocal Hygiene
Janina K. Casper
  17. Vocal Production System: Evolution
W. Tecumseh Fitch
  18. Vocalization, Neural Mechanisms of
Charles R. Larson
  19. Voice Acoustics
Kenneth N. Stevens and Helen M. Hanson
  20. Voice Disorders in Children
Elaine T. Stathopoulos
  21. Voice Disorders of Aging
Sue Ellen Linville
  22. Voice Production: Physics and Physiology
Ron Scherer
  23. Voice Quality, Perceptual Evaluation of
Bruce Gerratt and Jody Kreiman
  24. Voice Rehabilitation After Conservation Laryngectomy
Philip C. Doyle
  25. Voice Therapy: Breathing Exercises
Peter Watson
  26. Voice Therapy: Holistic Techniques
Joseph Stemple
  27. Voice Therapy for Adults
Katherine Verdolini
  28. Voice Therapy for Neurological Aging-Related Voice Disorders
Thomas Murry
  29. Voice Therapy for Professional Voice Users
Katherine Verdolini
II. Speech
  1. Apraxia of Speech: Nature and Phenomenology
Malcolm R. McNeil and Patrick J. Doyle
  2. Apraxia of Speech: Treatment
Patrick J. Doyle and Malcolm R. McNeil
  3. Aprosodia
Penelope S. Myers
  4. Augmentative and Alternative Communication Approaches in Adults
Laura J. Ball
  5. Augmentative and Alternative Communication Approaches in Children
Laura J. Ball
  6. Autism
Rhea Paul
  7. Bilingualism, Speech Issues in
Mehmet Yavas
  8. Developmental Apraxia of Speech
Barbara L. Davis
  9. Dialect, Regional
Adele Proctor
  10. Dysarthrias: Characteristics and Classification
Joseph R. Duffy
  11. Dysarthrias: Management
Edythe A. Strand
  12. Dysphagia, Oral and Pharyngeal
Adrienne L. Perlman
  13. Early Recurrent Otitis Media and Speech Development
Christine Dollaghan and Thomas Campbell
  14. Laryngectomy
Jack E. Thomas
  15. Mental Retardation and Speech in Children
Carol Stoel-Gammon
  16. Motor Speech Involvement in Children
Lisa Goffman
  17. Mutism, Neurogenic
John C. Rosenbek
  18. Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders in Children
Diane Paul-Brown
  19. Phonetic Transcription of Children's Speech
Mary Louise Edwards
  20. Phonological Awareness Intervention for Children with Expressive Phonological Impairments
Barbara Hodson and Kathy Strattman
  21. Phonological Errors, Residual
Dennis M. Ruscello
  22. Phonology: Clinical Issues in Serving Speakers of African-American Vernacular English
Ida J. Stockman
  23. Psychosocial Problems Associated with Communicative Disorders
Martin Fujiki and Bonnie Brinton
  24. Speech and Language Disorders in Children: Computer-Based Approaches
Julie J. Masterson
  25. Speech and Language Issues in Children from Asian-Pacific Backgrounds
Li-Rong Lilly Cheng
  26. Speech Assessment, Instrumental
Martin J. Ball
  27. Speech Assessment in Children: Descriptive Linguistic Methods
Judith A. Gierut
  28. Speech Development in Infants and Young Children with a Tracheostomy
Carol A. Boliek
  29. Speech Disfluency and Stuttering in Children
J. Scott Yaruss
  30. Speech Disorders: Genetic Transmission
Barbara A. Lewis
  31. Speech Disorders in Adults, Psychogenic
Robert C. Marshall
  32. Speech Disorders in Children: A Psycholinguistic Perspective
Joy Stackhouse
  33. Speech Disorders in Children: Behavioral Approaches to Remediation
M. N. Hegde
  34. Speech Disorders in Children: Birth-Related Risk Factors
Ken Bleile and Angela Burda
  35. Speech Disorders in Children: Cross-Linguistic Data
David Ingram
  36. Speech Disorders in Children: Descriptive Linguistic Approaches
Shelley L. Velleman
  37. Speech Disorders in Children: Motor Speech Disorders of Known Origin
Megan M. Hodge
  38. Speech Disorders in Children: Speech-Language Approaches
Ann A. Tyler
  39. Speech Disorders Secondary to Hearing Impairment Acquired in Adulthood
Sheila Pratt
  40. Speech Issues in Children from Latino Backgrounds
Brian Goldstein
  41. Speech Sampling, Articulation Tests, and Intelligibility in Children with Phonological Errors
Ann Bosma Smit
  42. Speech Sampling, Articulation Tests, and Intelligibility in Children with Residual Errors
Ann Bosma Smit
  43. Speech Sound Disorders in Children: Description and Classification
Rebecca J. McCauley
  44. Stuttering
Richard F. Curlee
  45. Transsexualism and Sex Reassignment: Speech Differences
John M. Pettit
  46. Ventilator-Supported Speech Production
Jeannette D. Hoit
III. Language
  1. Agrammatism
Herman Kolk
  2. Agraphia
Pelagie M. Beeson and Steven Z. Rapcsak
  3. Alexia
Argye E. Hillis
  4. Alzheimer's Disease
Murray Grossman
  5. Aphasia, Global
Richard K. Peach
  6. Aphasia, Primary Progressive
Margaret A. Rogers
  7. Aphasia: The Classical Syndromes
Robert T. Wertz and Nina F. Dronkers and Jennifer Ogar
  8. Aphasia, Wernicke's
Matti Lehtihalmes
  9. Aphasia Treatment: Computer-Aided Rehabilitation
Richard C. Katz
  10. Aphasia Treatment: Pharmacological Approaches
Steven L. Small
  11. Aphasia Treatment: Psychosocial Issues
Chris Code and Dave J. Muller
  12. Aphasic Syndromes: Connectionist Models
David Caplan
  13. Aphasiology, Comparative
Lise Menn
  14. Argument Structure: Representation and Processing
Lewis P. Shapiro
  15. Attention and Language
Malcolm R. McNeil
  16. Auditory-Motor Interaction in Speech and Language
Gregory Hickok
  17. Augmentative and Alternative Communication: General Issues
Mary Ann Romski and Rose A. Sevcik and Melissa Cheslock
  18. Bilingualism and Language Impairment
Fred Genesee
  19. Communication Disorders in Adults: Functional Approaches to Aphasia
Audrey L. Holland and Jacqueline J. Hinckley
  20. Communication Disorders in Infants and Toddlers
Diane Frome Loeb
  21. Communication Skills of People with Down Syndrome
Jon F. Miller
  22. Dementia
Kathryn A. Bayles
  23. Dialect Speakers
Janna B. Oetting
  24. Dialect Versus Disorder
Janna B. Oetting
  25. Discourse
Hanna K. Ulatowska and Gloria Streit Olness
  26. Discourse Impairments
Bernadette Ska and Anh Duong and Yves Joanette
  27. Functional Brain Imaging
Gregory Hickok
  28. Inclusion Models for Children with Developmental Disabilities
Elaine R. Silliman
  29. Language Development in Children with Focal Lesions
Heidi M. Feldman
  30. Language Disorders in Adults: Subcortical Involvement
Bruce E. Murdoch
  31. Language Disorders in African-American Children
Harry N. Seymour
  32. Language Disorders in Latino Children
Aquiles Iglesias
  33. Language Disorders in School-Age Children: Aspects of Assessment
Marilyn A. Nippold
  34. Language Disorders in School-Age Children: Overview
Jennifer Windsor
  35. Language Impairment and Reading Disability
Hugh W. Catts
  36. Language Impairment in Children: Cross-Linguistic Studies
Martha Crago and Johanne Paradis
  37. Language in Children Who Stutter
Ruth V. Watkins
  38. Language of the Deaf: Acquisition of English
Peter A. de Villiers
  39. Language of the Deaf: Sign Language
Peter A. de Villiers and Jennie Pyers
  40. Linguistic Aspects of Child Language Impairment - Prosody
LouAnn Gerken
  41. Melodic Intonation Therapy
Richard K. Peach
  42. Memory and Processing Capacity
Susan Ellis Weismer
  43. Mental Retardation
Mary Ann Romski and Rose A. Sevcik
  44. Morphosyntax and Syntax
Carson T. Schutze
  45. Otitis Media: Effects on Children's Language
Joanne E. Roberts
  46. Perseveration
Nancy Helm-Estabrooks
  47. Phonological Analysis of Language Disorders in Aphasia
Hugh W. Buckingham
  48. Phonology and Adult Aphasia
Sheila E. Blumstein
  49. Poverty: Effects on Language
Erika Hoff
  50. Pragmatics
Martin Fujiki and Bonnie Brinton
  51. Prelinguistic Communication Intervention for Children with Developmental Disabilities
Steven F. Warren and Paul J. Yoder
  52. Preschool Language Intervention
Marc E. Fey
  53. Prosodic Deficits
Shari R. Baum
  54. Reversibility/Mapping Disorders
Marcia C. Linebarger
  55. Right Hemisphere Language and Communication Functions in Adults
Hiram Brownell
  56. Right Hemisphere Language Disorders
Connie A. Tompkins and Wiltrud Fassbinder
  57. Segmentation of Spoken Language by Normal Adult Listeners
Anne Cutler
  58. Semantics
Karla M. McGregor
  59. Social Development and Language Impairment
Sean M. Redmond
  60. Specific Language Impairment in Children
Laurence B. Leonard
  61. Syntactic Tree Pruning
Naama Friedmann
  62. Trace Deletion Hypothesis
Yosef Grodzinsky
IV. Hearing
  1. Amplitude Compression in Hearing Aids
Jont B. Allen
  2. Assessment of and Intervention with Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Christine Yoshinaga-Itano
  3. Audition in Children, Development of
Daniel H. Ashmead and Anne Marie Tharpe
  4. Auditory Brainstem Implant
Robert V. Shannon
  5. Auditory Brainstem Response in Adults
Cynthia G. Fowler
  6. Auditory Neuropathy in Children
Yvonne S. Sininger
  7. Auditory Scene Analysis
William A. Yost
  8. Auditory Training
Sheila Pratt
  9. Classroom Acoustics
Carl C. Crandell and Joseph J. Smaldino
  10. Clinical Decision Analysis
Robert G. Turner
  11. Cochlear Implants
Mary Joe Osberger
  12. Cochlear Implants in Adults: Candidacy
Richard S. Tyler and Shelley Witt
  13. Cochlear Implants in Children
Mary Joe Osberger
  14. Dichotic Listening
Charles Speaks
  15. Electrocochleography
John A. Ferraro
  16. Electronystagmography
Faith W. Akin
  17. Frequency Compression
Charlotte M. Reed and Louis D. Braida
  18. Functional Hearing Loss in Children
Patricia McCarthy
  19. Genetics and Craniofacial Anomalies
Linda J. Hood
  20. Hearing Aid Fitting: Evaluation of Outcomes
Robyn M. Cox
  21. Hearing Aids: Prescriptive Fitting
Gitte Keidser and Harvey Dillon
  22. Hearing Aids: Sound Quality
Arlene C. Neuman
  23. Hearing Loss and the Masking-Level Difference
Joseph W. Hall
  24. Hearing Loss and Teratogenic Drugs or Chemicals
Anne Marie Tharpe
  25. Hearing Loss Screening: The School-Age Child
Jackson Roush
  26. Hearing Protection Devices
Michael R. Chial
  27. Masking
William S. Yacullo
  28. Middle Ear Assessment in the Child
Robert J. Nozza
  29. Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
John H. Mills
  30. Otoacoustic Emissions
Brenda L. Lonsbury-Martin
  31. Otoacoustic Emissions in Children
Michael P. Gorga and Stephen T. Neely and Judith E. Widen
  32. Ototoxic Medications
Timothy C. Hain and Janet Helminski
  33. Pediatric Audiology: The Test Battery Approach
Allan O. Diefendorf and Michael K. Wynne
  34. Physiological Bases of Hearing
James O. Pickles
  35. Pitch Perception
William A. Yost
  36. Presbyacusis
Judy R. Dubno and John H. Mills
  37. Pseudohypacusis
Robert S. Schlauch
  38. Pure-Tone Threshold Assessment
Terry L. Wiley
  39. Speech Perception Indices
Gerald A. Studebaker
  40. Speech Tracking
Geoff Plant
  41. Speechreading Training and Visual Tracking
Charissa R. Lansing
  42. Suprathreshold Speech Recognition
Pamela E. Souza
  43. Temporal Integration
Igor V. Nablek
  44. Temporal Resolution
David A. Eddins
  45. Tinnitus
Gerhard Andersson
  46. Tympanometry
Janet E. Shanks
  47. Vestibular Rehabilitation
Susan L. Whitney and Diane M. Wrisley


The MIT Encyclopedia of Communication Disorders


A massive reference work on the scale of MITECS (The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences), The MIT Encyclopedia of Communication Disorders will become the standard reference in this field for both research and clinical use. It offers almost 200 detailed entries, covering the entire range of communication and speech disorders in children and adults, from basic science to clinical diagnosis.

MITECD is divided into four sections that reflect the standard categories within the field (also known as speech-language pathology and audiology): Voice, Speech, Language, and Hearing. Within each category, entries are organized into three subsections: Basic Science, Disorders, and Clinical Management. Basic Science includes relevant information on normal anatomy and physiology, physics, psychology and psychophysics, and linguistics; this provides a scientific foundation for entries in the other subsections. The entries that appear under Disorders offer information on the definition and characterization of specific disorders, and tools for their identification and assessment. The Clinical Management subsection describes appropriate interventions, including behavioral, pharmacological, surgical, and prosthetic.

Because the approach to communication disorders can be quite different for children and adults, many topics include separate entries reflecting this. Although some disorders that are first diagnosed in childhood may persist in some form throughout adulthood, many disorders can have an onset in either childhood or adulthood, and the timing of onset can have many implications for both assessment and intervention.

Topics covered in MITECD include cochlear implants for children and adults, pitch perception, tinnitus, alaryngeal voice and speech rehabilitation, neural mechanisms of vocalization, holistic voice therapy techniques, computer-based approaches to children's speech and language disorders, neurogenic mutism, regional dialect, agrammatism, global aphasia, and psychosocial problems associated with communicative disorders.