Parallel Distributed Processing, Volume 2

Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition: Psychological and Biological Models

What makes people smarter than computers? These volumes by a pioneering neurocomputing group suggest that the answer lies in the massively parallel architecture of the human mind. They describe a new theory of cognition called connectionism that is challenging the idea of symbolic computation that has traditionally been at the center of debate in theoretical discussions about the mind.

The authors' theory assumes the mind is composed of a great number of elementary units connected in a neural network. Mental processes are interactions between these units which excite and inhibit each other in parallel rather than sequential operations. In this context, knowledge can no longer be thought of as stored in localized structures; instead, it consists of the connections between pairs of units that are distributed throughout the network.

Volume 1 lays the foundations of this exciting theory of parallel distributed processing, while Volume 2 applies it to a number of specific issues in cognitive science and neuroscience, with chapters describing models of aspects of perception, memory, language, and thought.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface to Volume 2
  2. Addresses of the PDP Research Group
  4. 14. Schemata and Sequential Thought Processes in PDP Models

    D. E. Rumelhart, P. Smolensky, J. L. McClelland and G. E. Hinton

  5. 15. Interactive Processes in Speech Perception: The TRACE Model

    J. L. McClelland and J. L. Elman

  6. 16. The Programmable Blackboard Model of Reading

    J. L. McClelland

  7. 17. A Distributed Model of Human Learning and Memory

    J. L. McClelland and D. E. Rumelhart

  8. 18. On Learning the Past Tenses of English Verbs

    D. E. Rumelhart and J. L. McClelland

  9. 19. Mechanisms of Sentence Processing: Assigning Roles to Constituents

    J. L. McClelland and A. H. Kawamoto

  11. 20. Certain Aspects of the Anatomy and Physiology of the Cerebral Cortex

    F. H. C. Crick and C. Asanuma

  12. 21. Open Questions About Computation in Cerebral Cortex

    T. J. Sejnowski

  13. 22. Neural and Conceptual Interpretation of PDP Models

    P. Smolensky

  14. 23. Biologically Plausible Models of Place Recognition and Goal Location

    D. Zipser

  15. 24. State-Dependent Factors Influencing Neural Plasticity: A Partial Account of the Critical Period

    P. W. Munro

  16. 25. Amnesia and Distributed Memory

    J. L. McClelland and D. E. Rumelhart

  17. 26. Reflections on Cognition and Parallel Distributed Processing

    D. A. Norman

  18. Future Directions
  19. References
  20. Index