Knowledge and Skepticism


There are two main questions in epistemology: What is knowledge? And: Do we have any of it? The first question asks after the nature of a concept; the second involves grappling with the skeptic, who believes that no one knows anything. This collection of original essays addresses the themes of knowledge and skepticism, offering both contemporary epistemological analysis and historical perspectives from leading philosophers and rising scholars. Contributors first consider knowledge: the intrinsic nature of knowledge—in particular, aspects of what distinguishes knowledge from true belief; the extrinsic examination of knowledge, focusing on contextualist accounts; and types of knowledge, specifically perceptual, introspective, and rational knowledge. The final chapters offer various perspectives on skepticism.

Knowledge and Skepticism provides an eclectic yet coherent set of essays by distinguished scholars and important new voices. The cutting-edge nature of its contributions and its interdisciplinary character make it a valuable resource for a wide audience—for philosophers of language as well as for epistemologists, and for psychologists, decision theorists, historians, and students at both the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels.

Kent Bach, Joseph Keim Campbell, Joseph Cruz, Fred Dretske, Catherine Z. Elgin, Peter S. Fosl, Peter J. Graham, David Hemp, Michael O’Rourke, George Pappas, John L. Pollock, Duncan Pritchard, Joseph Salerno, Robert J. Stainton, Harry S. Silverstein, Joseph Thomas Tolliver, Leora Weitzman

Topics in Contemporary Philosophy

Table of Contents

  1. Acknowledgments
  2. Introduction: Framing Knowledge and Skepticism

    Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein

  3. Knowledge
  4. 1. Knowledge and Conclusive Evidence

    David Hemp

  5. 2. Theorizing Justification

    Peter J. Graham

  6. 3. Truth Tracking and the Problem of Reflective Knowledge

    Joe Salerno

  7. 4. Contextualism, Skepticism, and Warranted Assertibility Maneuvers

    Duncan Pritchard

  8. 5. Knowledge In and Out of Context

    Kent Bach

  9. 6. Contextualism in Epistemology and the Context-Sensitivity of 'Knows'

    Robert J. Stainton

  10. 7. Locke's Account of Sensitive Knowledge

    George Pappas

  11. 8. Revelations: On What Is Manifest in Visual Experience

    Joseph T. Tolliver

  12. 9. Knowing It Hurts

    Fred Dretske

  13. 10. Reasoning Defeasibly about Probabilities

    John L. Pollock

  14. Skepticism
  15. 11. Anti-Individualism, Self-Knowledge, and Why Skepticism Cannot Be Cartesian

    Leora Weitzman

  16. 12. Is There a Reason for Skepticism?

    Joseph Cruz

  17. 13. Skepticism Aside

    Catherine Z. Elgin

  18. 14. Hume's Skeptical Naturalism

    Peter S. Fosl

  19. Contributors
  20. Index
  21. Insert