High-Level Motion Processing

Computational, Neurobiological, and Psychophysical Perspectives
Edited by Takeo Watanabe

Motion perception is fundamental to survival. Until recently, research on motion perception emphasized such basic aspects of motion as sampling and filtering. In the past decade, however, the emphasis has gradually shifted to higher-level motion processing—i.e., processing that takes place not only in the primary visual cortex but also in the "higher" or more complicated parts of the brain. The contributors to this book focus on such key aspects of motion processing as interaction and integration between locally measured motion units, structure from motion, heading in an optical flow, and second-order motion. They also discuss the interaction of motion processing with other high-level visual functions such as surface representation and attention.

The book is divided into three sections: (1) interactive aspects of motion, (2) motion coherence and grouping, and (3) heading and structure from motion. Each section begins with computational aspects, proceeds to the neuropsychological/neurophysiological, and ends with the psychophysical.

Contributors: Thomas D. Albright, Don Beinfang, Patrick Cavanagh, Karen R. Dobkins, Stephen Grossberg, Norberto M. Grzywacz, Ellen C. Hildreth, Marjorie LeMay, Zhong-Lin Lu, Satoru Miyauchi, Ken Nakayama, Constance S. Royden, Takao Sato, George Sperling, Keiji Tanaka, James T. Todd, Peter Tse, William R. Uttal, Lucia M. Vaina, William H. Warren, Jr., Takeo Watanabe, Edward Wolpow, Alan L. Yuile.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. I. Interactive Aspects of Motion

    Takeo Watanabe

  3. 1. How Is a Moving Target Continuously Tracked behind Occluding Cover?

    Stephen Grossberg

  4. 2. The Influence of Chromatic Information on Visual Motion Processing in the Primate Visual System

    Karen R. Dobkins and Thomas D. Albright

  5. 3. Roles of Attention and Form in Visual Motion Processing: Psychophysical and Brain-Imaging Studies

    Takeo Watanabe and Satoru Miyauchi

  6. 4. D: Relations to Low- and High-Level Motion Processes

    Takao Sato

  7. 5. Systems Analysis of Visual Motion Perception

    George Sperling and Zhong-Lin Lu

  8. II. Motion Coherence and Grouping

    Norberto M. Grzywacz

  9. 6. A Theoretical Framework for Visual Motion

    Alan L. Yuille and Norberto M. Grzywacz

  10. 7. Perception of Motion Discontinuities in Patients with Selective Motion Deficits

    Lucia M. Vaina, Norbert M. Grzywacz, Marjorie LeMay, Don Bienfang and Edward Wolpow

  11. 8. The Role of Parsing in High-Level Motion Processing

    Peter Tse, Patrick Cavanagh and Ken Nakayama

  12. III. Heading and Structure from Motion

    Takeo Watanabe

  13. 9. Computing Observer Motion from Optical Flow

    Ellen C. Hildreth and Constance S. Royden

  14. 10. Representation of Visual Motion in the Extrastriate Visual Cortex

    Keiji Tanaka

  15. 11. The State of Flow

    William H. Warren, Jr.

  16. 12. Theoretical and Biological Limitations on the Visual Perception of Three-Dimensional Structure from Motion

    James T. Todd

  17. Some Questions; Some Answers; Some Speculations; Some Concerns

    William R. Uttal

  18. Contributors
  19. Name Index
  20. Subject